2 edition of Aspects of the ecology of the bird cherryoat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi L. found in the catalog.
Aspects of the ecology of the bird cherryoat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi L.
Simon Robert Leather
Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of East Anglia, School of Biological Sciences, 1980.
The bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi is a major vector of the yellow dwarf viruses (YDVs) that infect cereals. R. padi has a complex life history. Many populations in temperate regions that have cold winters reproduce combining sexual and asexual phases (holocycly). Bird cherry oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.) is a serious pest of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop and causes significant production losses to the wheat crop in Pakistan. So far eight genes from the conventional wheat cultivars that are resistant to the attack of R. padi have been incorporated in the commercial wheat cultivars to help manage.
Bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.), a polyphagous species with a nearly worldwide distribution, is an important pest of wheat as well as the main vector of barley yellow dwarf virus. We evaluated the resistance categories of eight wheat lines including antibiosis, antixenosis, and tolerance against R. padi under laboratory conditions. The wheat lines tested were ERWYT 88 Cited by: The bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Homoptera: Aphididae) is considered to be one of the most destructive pests of cereal crops in different parts of the world (Taheri et al., ; Descamps and Chopa, ). For instance, the estimated damage to cereal crops caused by R. padi in some parts of Europe can result in yield.
The aim of the study was to determine the effects of such flavonoids as: apigenin, luteolin, quercetin, mirycetin, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin on the behavior of wingless females and larvae of bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.) during the colonization of winter wheat seedlings. All the tested compounds showed deterrence activity against thebird cherry-oat aphid . Abstract. The bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.) is a global pest of wheat and vectors some of the most damaging strains of barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV).In years of heavy R. padi infestation, R. padi and BYDV together reduce wheat yields by 30–40% in Kansas and other states of the U.S. Great Plains wheat production area. Cultivation of wheat cultivars resistant to R. padi Cited by: 2.
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Summary. In Hungary the bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.) is the most frequent aphid species in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Estimations of infestation by R.
padi as well as measurements of grain yield and thousand-kernel mass were carried out in 26 winter wheat genotypes in conditions of naturally infested and not infested Cited by: Ecology of the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in the low rainfall wheat belt of South Australia: Author: De Barro, Paul Joseph: Publisher: Adelaide Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, Waite Institute: Issue Date: School/Discipline: Dept.
of Crop Protection: Dissertation Note. The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) is one of the most important wheat pests with polyphagia and autumn migrants.
And, chemosensory genes were thought to play a key role in insect searching their hosts, food and by: 1. The bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi, is a global pest of cereals and vector of yellow dwarf viruses that cause significant crop losses in cereals.
padi exhibits both sexual and parthenogenetic reproduction, alternating between crops and other host by: Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt-maize) on bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (l.) population development in comparison to conventional, non-transgenic variety.
a ccording to this analysis it is possible to achieve a step-wise approach to assess poten - tial non-target effects of GM plants. Such large open-field trials concerning impact of Bt-maize on aphids are the first of this kind Cited by: 1.
The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera, Aphididae) is a host alternating species between primary host Prunus padus and various. Microclimatic Distribution Analysis of Bird Cherry Oat Aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi L. on Wheat IBRAR-UL-HASSAN AKHTAR, HUMAYUN JAVED AND EHSAN-UL-HAQ Department of Entomology, University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi (IHA, HJ) and Pest Management Research Programme, IPEP, NARC, Islamabad (EH) Abstract RESEARCH POPULATION GROWTH OF Rhopalosiphum padi L.
(HOMOPTERA: APHIDIDAE) ON DIFFERENT CEREAL CROPS FROM THE SEMIARID PAMPAS OF ARGENTINA UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS Lilian R. Descamps1*, and Carolina Sánchez Chopa1, 2 The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi L. (Homoptera:. Rhopalosiphum padi is nearly cosmopolitan in distribution and prefers grasses, cereals, and sedges.
Common names. Bird cherry-oat aphid. Distribution. This aphid is globally distributed, located in all but the coldest terrestrial habitats.
Host associations. It has a broad host range, having been recorded from species of over 20 plant families. Effect of imidacloprid on nonflight movement of Rhopalosiphum padi and the subsequent spread of barley yellow dwarf virus.
Plant Disease Hansen, L.M. Establishing control threshold for bird cherry oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.) in spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by aphid-days. Crop Protection The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus) is a major pest of cereals and pasture grasses worldwide.
Here, we report the genetic features of populations of R. padi that colonize different cereal crops in central Chile. Methods: Rhopalosiphum padi individuals were collected in central Chile and genotyped at six microsatellite : María E.
Rubio-Meléndez, Joceline Barrios-SanMartin, Felipe E. Pina-Castro, Christian C. Figueroa, C. The genes expression difference between winged and wingless bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi based on transcriptomic data Rong-Jiao Zhang 1, 2 Jing Chen 1Author: Rong-Jiao Zhang, Jing Chen, Li-Yun Jiang, Ge-Xia Qiao.
The bird cherry‐oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi, is one of the major pests of cereals in the temperate regions, and it is a main vector of the barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) that causes cereal yield losses of between 20% and 80% (Vickerman & Wratten, ).Author: Ramiro Morales‐Hojas, Asier Gonzalez‐Uriarte, Fernando Alvira Iraizoz, Todd Jenkins, Lynda Alderson.
The mid-winter development, reproduction and survival of field-acclimatized viviparae of Sitobion avenae (F.) and Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) on leaves of tillering wheat and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) plants at similar growth stages were compared by monitoring batches of aphids in clip-cages in field plots in southern both aphid species, survival, total fecundity Cited by: 7.
Abundance and survival of eggs of the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi in southern Finland. Annales Entomologici Fennici, 47(4) Leather SR; Walters KFA; Dixon AFG, Factors determining the pest status of the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), in Europe: a study and review.
Visual Cues and Host-Plant Preference of the Bird Cherry-Oat Aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Alate aphids respond to short (UV) and long (green-yellow) wavelength stimuli during host-plant searching behaviour.
Although many aphids are attracted to yellow, the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi, is attracted to green. Methyl salicylate, a volatile component ofPrunus padus, the winter host ofRhopalosiphum padi, was found to reduce colonization of the summer host by this aphid. The compound was identified by gas chromatographic analysis coupled with recordings from cells in the primary rhinarium on the sixth antennal segment of the by: Visual cues and host-plant preference of the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) M.L.
Schröder1, R. Glinwood2, R. Ignell3 & K. Krüger1* 1Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2Department of Crop Production Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. Aphid resistance is a desirable trait in barley to combat the spread of the barley yellow dwarf virus and also to reduce the direct damage that aphids can inflict on cereals.
A significant quantitative trait locus (QTL) on barley chromosome 3H was mapped based on a doubled-haploid population derived from F1 of the cross 'Lina' × '' that showed segregation for resistance to bird Cited by: The bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.) development on primary host (Prunus padus L.) was studied in Poznan in First fundatrices of R.
padi were observed already on the bird cherry in March in both years. The largest condensation of population was observed in May. At the second decade of May numerous winged morphs were formed and spring Author: P. Strażyn´ski.
1. Ann Appl Biol. Jul;68(2) The life-cycle and host preferences of the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi L., and their bearing on the theories of host alternation in by: The provided diet consisted of bird‐cherry oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) on oat (Avena sativa, L., cv. Belinda); pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) on peas (Vicia faba, L.
cv. Sutton dwarf) and flowering oilseed rape (Brassica napus L. cv. Mosaic) as source of : Milda Norkute, Ulf Olsson, Velemir Ninkovic.EFFECTS OF BARLEY YELLOW DW ARF VIRUS ON THE BIOLOGY OF THE BIRD CHERRY -OAT APHID, R hopalosiphum padi (L.)l Diverse parameters of the life cycle of Rhopalosiphum padi (L.), maintained on leaf sections of healthy or BYDV (PA V strain)infected wheat and oat plants, were com pared in the laboratory at 18 ± 10 C.
The aphids reared on Author: J. E. Araya, John E. Foster.